What Is The Average IQ In China

May 17, 2024
What Is The Average IQ In China

Average IQ In China: 104

The average IQ in China is a notable 104.10. This article investigates the influences shaping this figure and its impact globally, while addressing the limitations of IQ assessments. Expect insights into the elements elevating China’s cognition scores and critical views on intelligence measurement.

Are You Ready to Know Your IQ?
Discovering your IQ score is just a click away.

Key Takeaways

  • China’s national average IQ stands at approximately 104.10, which is higher than that in the United States and Europe, influenced by factors such as improved living standards, nutrition, and assumed genetic predispositions.
  • The education system in China, exemplified by Shanghai’s high performance in PISA assessments, greatly influences the country’s IQ landscape, though inequalities between urban and rural education can impact national scores.
  • Beyond traditional IQ tests, the Aurora Battery provides a comprehensive assessment of cognitive skills tailored for cultural relevance, and has shown to be reliable and consistent for use in China, offering insight into multiple cognitive domains.

Decoding China's Average IQ

In the realm of intelligence quotients, the national average IQ of China stands at approximately 104.10 as of 2023. This figure positions China with a higher average IQ score compared to the United States and Europe, aligning it closely with the East Asian cluster’s average IQ of 105. China’s national IQ is influenced by a multitude of factors, including:

  • Improvements in living standards and nutrition
  • Decreased child mortality rates
  • Earlier physical and mental maturation
  • The assumption of a higher mean IQ in the Chinese population compared to Northeast Asians

These factors have contributed to the increase in average IQ scores in China.

Interestingly, the rise in average IQ is not just confined to China. Across East Asian countries, similar trends are noticed, bolstering the region’s reputation for high national IQs. This trend, often referred to as the “East Asian Intelligence Quotient,” has intrigued researchers and piqued global interest in East Asia.

Yet, we must bear in mind that a person’s intelligence isn’t solely measured by IQ tests, despite them offering a numerical measure of cognitive abilities. Factors such as emotional intelligence, creativity, and practical skills also play a pivotal role. This brings us to the topic of education and its impact on China’s IQ landscape.

The Role of Education in Shaping China's IQ Landscape

Just like any other nation, the People’s Republic of China’s IQ landscape is significantly shaped by education. The quality of education in China can be exemplified by Shanghai, the top-performing economy in the PISA assessments of 2009 and 2012, indicating a positive correlation with high IQ scores.

However, China’s education system faces challenges with structural inequalities, similar to those found in other countries. A significant performance disparity exists between urban and rural students, which can influence national IQ scores due to different levels of educational resources and opportunities.

The impact of social and economic structures on cognitive assessments is evident in the disadvantages faced by children from lower socioeconomic backgrounds in IQ test results. Some factors that contribute to this include:

  • Persistent stress and hardship from poverty, which can impair brain development and function among children
  • Limited access to quality education and resources
  • Lack of opportunities for enrichment activities and experiences

These factors can potentially lead to lower IQ outcomes among children from lower socioeconomic backgrounds.

The role of Early Childhood Development (ECD) outcomes in shaping cognitive levels is undeniable. The importance of these outcomes is evidenced by their strong influence on educational outcomes and potential to boost fluid intelligence in China.

Cognitive Skills Assessment: Beyond IQ Tests

Traditional IQ tests, while widely used, have their limitations. They often fail to capture the full range of cognitive abilities. Enter the Aurora Battery, an alternative to traditional IQ tests that assesses a range of cognitive abilities, including analytical, creative, and practical thinking, providing a more comprehensive evaluation of an individual’s cognitive ability.

The Aurora Battery has been culturally adapted for use in China, assessing abilities in multiple formats like multiple-choice and open-ended questions, across various domains such as verbal, numerical, and images. A validation study involving 2007 students across China confirmed the reliability and consistency of this culturally adapted version of the Aurora Battery.

The Aurora Battery’s efficacy is validated by its acceptable model fit in its factorial structure and alignment with the theory of successful intelligence. Therefore, it offers a more comprehensive evaluation of cognitive skills compared to traditional IQ tests, providing a nuanced understanding of the cognitive landscape in China.

Economic Growth and National IQ

Research shows a statistically significant positive correlation between a country’s average IQ and its economic growth. Some key findings include:

  • A one-point increase in a country’s average IQ is linked to a 4% increase in economic welfare growth.
  • Countries with higher national IQs tend to experience faster economic development.
  • Higher national IQs are also associated with better health outcomes.
  • Countries with higher average IQs are more likely to have democratic governments.
  • There is a negative correlation between national IQ and corruption levels.

These findings suggest that national intelligence plays a crucial role in a country’s overall development and well-being.

The surge in China’s IQ scores could be linked to its rapid economic growth. However, cognitive delays are prevalent among children and teenagers in rural China, with nearly half of the children being cognitively delayed and about 37% of rural junior high school students experiencing cognitive delays. These factors are key in shaping China’s national IQ landscape and understanding the intricacies of IQ scores.

Controversies and Considerations in IQ Discussion

While IQ tests provide valuable insights, they have been criticized for cultural bias, as they sometimes include content that may favor individuals with certain cultural backgrounds. The perception of bias in these assessments is partly due to the historical norming and standardization of IQ tests, which have predominantly relied on demographic experiences. In this context, it’s important to consider the role of standardized tests in evaluating cognitive abilities.

Major criticisms of national IQ scores include:

  • The use of unclear or non-standardized sample selection criteria, often based on small and non-representative samples
  • Lack of transparency and reliability in data compilation
  • Inadequate specifications of sampling groups
  • Failure to adjust for factors such as the Flynn effect

Despite these criticisms, efforts to improve the transparency and reliability of national IQ data compilation are ongoing, with organizations like the Ulster Institute contributing to the cause.


In conclusion, understanding the intricacies of national IQs, particularly China’s, requires a multifaceted approach. From the role of education and socioeconomic factors to alternative cognitive assessments and economic implications, each factor contributes to the complex tapestry of intelligence quotients. The quest to decode national IQs continues, as researchers strive for transparency, inclusivity, and comprehensive assessments in this ever-evolving field.

Read more

What Is The Average IQ In Australia

What Is The Average IQ In Bangladesh

What Is The Average IQ In Belarus

What Is The Average IQ In Brazil